Cao Dewang's troubles were most popular when Chine

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Cao Dewang's troubles: when the Chinese factory met the American trade union moreen, Ohio - a large Chinese glass manufacturer came here in 2014 and began to spend more than $500million to renovate an abandoned General Motors (34.68, 0.34, 0. (3) arc welding 99%), this thing seemed to be abnormal: according to the authoritative statement of President trump, The Chinese are stealing American jobs

but now the Chinese have suddenly created jobs. In fact, more than 1500 jobs have been created

this Chinese enterprise, Fuyao Group, believes that it is worthwhile to spend this money in the suburbs of Dayton, because it is close to its main customers. Large American automakers buy millions of windscreens every year

and this is not an isolated case. According to the data of rhodium group, from 2000 to the leading quarter of this year, China invested nearly $120billion in the United States; The consulting company has been tracking this trend. Nearly half of the investment began in early 2016, so China became one of the largest sources of foreign direct investment in the United States at that time

but the explosive investment also brought unexpected trouble. In Fuyao's workshop, there has been a great cultural conflict, and some workers questioned whether the company really wanted to operate in accordance with American supervision and American standards

Fuyao is facing a fierce labor union movement launched by the United Auto Workers Union (UAW) and a lawsuit filed by a former manager. He said he left because he was not Chinese

of course, solving employment is Trump's commitment when he took office. Since he won the election, foreign companies such as Bayer, Softbank and Infosys (15.06, 0.11, 0.74%) have announced plans to create thousands of jobs in the United States, which is close to trump's goal and can avoid the rebound of "American priority"

however, the situation of Fuyao factory reveals a potential trap in this process

the Trade Union began to meet with workers in 2015. In April this year, they increased the intensity of public activities and held a passionate meeting, emphasizing that the factory was quite casual in the implementation of rules, and the outspoken were retaliated

an employee named Lisa Connolly complained that if she did not apply for paid leave early enough, Fuyao would impose disciplinary sanctions on workers for absenteeism. A former employee named James Martin said that the company exposed him to pungent chemicals, which blistered his arms and reduced his vital capacity (Martin lost his job during his compensatory leave in January this year because of too many absenteeism records)

in November last year, the federal occupational safety and Health Administration (OSHA) imposed more than 22 fines on Fuyao for some violations. A fine of $50000, such as not having a good enough locking mechanism to turn off the machine power when workers repair or maintain the equipment. David Michaels, a professor at George Washington University who served as the head of OSHA before January this year, said that such mistakes are common in the highly competitive auto parts industry and can easily lead to limb amputations and even fatal accidents

the company reached an agreement in March to reduce the fine to $100000 and take corrective measures

Eric vanetti, vice president of human resources, admitted that at the end of last year, the factory did have turbulence factors. However, he said that in the past few months, the atmosphere in the factory has greatly improved. Before settling with the occupational safety and health administration, the factory has taken many new safety measures. Not long ago, the company also increased the hourly salary of production employees by two dollars

Fuyao kneath said, "one of the complexities we face in reducing costs, improving material properties and shortening delivery cycles is that China's" LVYE "investment in the United States is a relatively new situation. This investment refers to foreign companies building new facilities there, rather than acquiring existing facilities

this way is good for both sides. "If I don't invest in Dayton, probably no one will invest in the automotive glass industry in the United States," Cao Dewang said

however, if investors do not understand the regulatory and political environment in the United States - which is the case with many Chinese executives, because China's labor standards are often not so strict - these projects may be affected

in 2014, a Chinese copper pipe manufacturing company named Jinlong opened a factory in Wilcox County, Alabama. Like Fuyao, it was warmly welcomed because it invested more than US $100 million and is expected to create 300 local jobs. By the end of the year, workers complained about lax safety measures and low wages, and a narrow majority agreed to organize trade unions

the workers in Fuyao said that the safety measures have improved, but some people pointed out that some problems still exist. Employee DeAnn Wilson complained that although she worked around smoke emitting machines, her area did not have proper ventilation. John Crane, Fuyao's health and safety director, said that the smoke was steam generated by hot air entering a cold room

last November, Fuyao Glass dismissed David burrows, vice president of the US factory. Also dismissed was John Gauthier, the president of the factory, who temporarily shut down the machine and worked again after the water temperature fell

"after the two of them were fired, the Chinese color here became stronger," said factory worker Duane young. He said that Chinese people have little interest in training American employees, sharing and even dealing with American employees

Cao Dewang said in an interview in Beijing that he fired burrows and Gautier because "they didn't do their duty and wasted my money". He sighed that the productivity of the factory was "not as high as that of our factories in China", adding that "some workers are killing time"

to some extent, cultural norms can explain these contradictions

Mary Gallagher, director of the Lieberthal Rogel Center for Chinese Studies at the University of Michigan, said that entrepreneurs such as Cao Dewang usually hire migrant workers to work in their own factories. They believe that those people are more obedient and different from American workers, who expect a more friendly and equal management style. "He probably never experienced such pressure from the labor side before," she said

Workers at Fuyao factory said that Chinese managers seem to attach more importance to improving production than anything else. Nicholas Tannenbaum, a worker in Fuyao, said that when employees thought there was a problem with the equipment and asked to shut it down, "the Chinese looked at us and said, 'it's not necessary'." at the end of May, Tannenbaum was fired

"when the production line was still running, they jumped on the moving conveyor belt to repair it," he added

vanetti, director of human resources, said that the company did not sacrifice safety in order to achieve production goals. But he admitted, "the fundamental difference between Chinese and Americans is that Chinese people focus on speed, and Americans like to analyze things and think it clearly from all angles."

vanetti said that Fuyao still adhered to the original plan and planned to hand over the factory to a team dominated by American managers within four to five years. Not long ago, it hired two American vice presidents

however, Shi Weiyi, a professor of political economics at the University of California, San Diego, said that China's overseas investment in Africa and Asia showed a reluctance to hand over its business to local people

"at the management level, you can see that most of the technicians come from China," she said. "The local employees they hire for senior management positions are usually human resources directors."

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI